Charles Joseph Pemberton Paglar
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Born in Perak to a British father and Indian mother, Paglar was orphaned and adopted by Alexander John Francis Paglar, a Catholic Eurasian planter, miner, magistrate, and justice of peace in Malacca. He received his education at a convent in Penang and the St Francis Institution in Malacca. In 1910, he obtained the Queen's Diamond Jubilee Scholarship, and studied at the King Edward VII College of Medicine in Singapore where he graduated in 1917
During the First World War, he served as a medical staff sergeant of the field ambulance unit at the Military Hospital on Belakang Mati (present-day Sentosa) from 1914 to 1916. After graduation, he worked as an assistant house surgeon at the Singapore General Hospital. In 1920, Paglar set up his private practice at Joo Chiat which led to the establishment of the Paglar Maternity and Nursing Home (where the East Shore Hospital now stands). Besides his medical practice at Joo Chiat, Paglar also ran other clinics and pharmacies, such as the Paglar Pharmacy at North Bridge Road. In 1926, Paglar furthered his studies in Edinburgh, specialising in gynecology. He also completed other post-graduate work in Java, Syria, France and Germany.
Paglar became known for his excellent medical skills and in 1930, was appointed as the personal physician to the Sultan of Johore. For his contributions, Paglar was conferred the title of "Dato" in 1948 on the occasion of the Sultan's birthday.
After the Japanese surrendered, Paglar was imprisoned at Outram Road and charged with treason by the British. At the trial on 26 January 1946, the Chief Welfare Officer of the Japanese Administration, Mamoru Shinozaki, gave evidence that it was he who wrote the speeches of the community leaders, and that Paglar had acted under his direction in order to protect the Eurasian community. Paglar was not convicted but neither was he acquitted as the judge had adjourned the trial until Paglar's natural death.
Contributions to Society
Paglar was also instrumental in the formation of the Yio Chu Kang Youth Club and the Katong Boys Club where youths could spend their time purposely. He also built a Tamil school for children at Wing Loong Road, and contributed to a mosque for the Malay villages in Ponggol. Another instance of his philanthropic spirit was his donation to the construction of the Singapore Badminton Hall. Not only did he give twice, but he also rallied others to contribute as well.
Joshua Chia Yeong Jia
4,000 at funeral of Dato Paglar [Microfilm: NL 1772] (1954, December 13). The Straits Times, p. 7
Braga-Blake, M. (Ed.). (1992). Singapore Eurasians: Memories and hopes (pp. 83-84). Singapore: Times Editions.
(Call no.: RSING 305.80405957 SIN)
Channel Newsasia (2007). Eurasian community launches first-ever university scholarship. Retrieved November 29, 2008 from http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/259329/1/.html
Chew, R. (interviewer). (1984, July 18). Oral history interview with Mr Ronald Milne on Communities of Singapore (Eurasian) [electronic transcript]. Retrieved November 28, 2008, from http://www.a2o.com.sg
Council to pay tribute to Paglar [Microfilm: NL 1772] (1954, December 11). The Straits Times, p. 5.
Datin Paglar for Jakarta [Microfilm: NL 2502) (1950, June 4). The Straits Times, p. 5.
Dato Paglar [Microfilm: NL 2507] (1951, April 24). The Straits Times, p. 5.
Decree Nisi granted to doctors wife [Microfilm: NL 1798]. (1940, October 17). The Straits Times, p. 11.
Explain tax and you'll get money - Paglar [Microfilm: NL 2629 ] (1952, March 22). The Straits Times, p. 7.
Give aid to employers, says Paglar [Microfilm: NL 3305] (1953, August 5). The Straits Times, p. 5.
The Hall: Donations rolling in (1951, July 1). The Straits Times, p. 18.
He demands minimum wage scales for colony workers [Microfilm: NL 2630 ] (1952, May 9). The Straits Times, p. 10.
Honoured by the Sultan [Microfilm: NL 5337] (1948, September 18). The Straits Times, p. 4.
Koh, T. & [et al.]. (Eds.). (2006). Singapore: The encyclopedia (p. 401-402). Singapore: Editions Didier Millet in association with the National Heritage Board.
(Call no.: RSING 959.57003 SIN)
The late Mr. J. F. Paglar: Appreciation of popular Malacca planter [Microfilm: NL 489] (1921, December 30). The Straits Times, p. 10.
Lee, G. B. (2005). The Syonan years: Singapore under Japanese rule 1942-1945 (p. 118). Singapore: National Archives of Singapore and Epigram.
(Call no.: RSING 940.53957 LEE)
Lim, J. (interviewer). (1999, May 10). Oral history interview with Dr. N. Varaprasad on Story of Joo Chiat Changing Landscapes & Community [electronic transcript]. Retrieved November 28, 2008, from http://www.a2o.com.sg
Low, L. L. (interviewer). (1983, August-October). Oral history interview with Mr Eric C Paglar on the Japanese Occupation of Singapore [electronic transcript]. Retrieved November 28, 2008, from http://www.a2o.com.sg
Paglar Cabin opened [Microfilm: NL 1820] (1955, August 7). The Straits Times, p. 11.
Paglar dies in his sleep [Microfilm: NL 1772] (1954, December 9). Singapore Standard, p. 1, 7.
Paglar dies in hospital [Microfilm: NL 1772 ] (1954, December 9). The Straits Times, p. 1.
Paglar Division for St. John [Microfilm: NL 1818] (1955, June 17). The Straits Times, p. 4.
Paglar wants to know Paglar wants to know Paglar wants to know [Microfilm: NL 1769] (1954, July 9). The Straits Times, p. 5.
Shinozaki, M. (1992). Syonan - my story: The Japanese occupation of Singapore (pp. 105-108). Singapore: Times Books International.
(Call no.: RSING 959.57023 SHI)
Some prominent Eurasians. (2006, April 15). The Straits Times. Retrieved November 28, 2008, from Factiva database.
Tan, L. (interviewer). (1983, August 13). Oral history interview with Annie Wilson Oehlers (Lady) on Women Through The Years: Economic & Family Lives [electronic transcript]. Retrieved November 28, 2008, from http://www.a2o.com.sg
Tributes to Dato Paglar pouring in [Microfilm: NL 1772] (1954, December 10). The Straits Times, p. 9.
Youths to be entertained [Microfilm: NL 1767 ] (1954, April 7). The Straits Times, p. 5.
Tan Beng Luan (1996). The Japanese occupation 1942-1945 : a pictorial record of Singapore during the war (p. 95). Singapore : Times Editions
(Call no.: RSING 940.5395 TAN)
The information in this article is valid as at 2010 and correct as far as we are able to ascertain from our sources. It is not intended to be an exhaustive or complete history of the subject. Please contact the Library for further reading materials on the topic.
Charles Joseph Pemberton Paglar, 1894-1954
People and communities